References and Media Resources

1.  17.1% of active physicians are AA (Association of American Med Colleges compilation)


2.  21.1 % of physicians are AA (census source presented on platform)


3.  33.8% of critical care fellows are AA (2013-14 data)


4.  324/2202 = 14.7% of ER residency applicants are AA (analysis of residency applications by the AAMC)


5.  8.3% of nurses are AA


6.  9.3% RN are AA


7.  22.1% of pharmacists are AA


8.  11.4% of Physical therapists are AA;  6.7% Respiratory therapists are AA (January 2015 US HHS report based on 2012 data)


9.  Famed HIV AIDS researcher Dr. David Ho leads a group at Columbia University racing to find COVID treatments within one year.  Dr. Ho revolutionized the treatment of HIV/AIDS and was recognized as the Time Magazine Person of the Year in 1996



10.  April 1 article discusses bias attacks and how AA should maintain health and mental balance



11.  Nurse Tre Kwon ends her maternity leave early to return to work as an ICU nurse in New York, and fight for safer working conditions for healthcare workers



12.  CNN video providing an insider view of the COVID crisis in Mt. Sinai hospitals.  Dr. Matthew Bai, a physician at Mt. Sinai in Queens, talks about the risk and sacrifices he makes to serve.  Dr. Bai is living apart from his wife and 17 month old child to protect them.



13.  Pharmacist Chia Liang talks about her work at a retail Walgreens pharmacy in Jackson Heights, Queens, NY.


14.  AA ER physician working in different ERs in NY area, in broader video on issue of equipment shortages


15.  Billionaire Joe Tsai donates 2,000 ventilators and 2.6 million surgical masks to New York City


16.  Governor Cuomo recognizes Joe and Clara Tsai, and Jack Ma for donations of ventilators and other equipment


17.  Dr. Calvin Sun is an ER physician working in New York.  He describes the working conditions during the pandemic, and the shortage of adequate personal protective equipment



18.  Chinese American communities organize initially to help provide medical equipment to China, and as the Pandemic shifts, to help support hospitals in the US



19.  AA communities respond to the needs for support and personal protective equipment.    The Millburn Short Hills Chinese Association, the Long Island Chinese American Association, the Coalition of Asian Americans in Private Practice, and the Committee of 100 are mentioned


20.  Forbes: Hate Crimes Surge Against Asian Americans While They Are On The Front Lines Fighting COVID-19



21.  Recent studies analyzing genomes from coronaviruses taken from New York patients showed that most cases came from Europe and not China.  The likely source of infection was from New Yorkers traveling home from Europe in February with the virus.


22.  The COVID virus occurred in nature, and there is no evidence that the virus was made in a laboratory or engineered


23.  Asia faces a second wave of cases imported from international travelers


24.  Dr. Chen Fu is a hospital-based doctor NYU Langone Medical Center in New York.  He discusses the  challenges of being an Asian American but also the kindness and support that keep him going.  VIDEO


25.  Asian American doctors confront racism against Asians, while highlighting their identity and roles as physicians, sometimes caring for the most vulnerable patients during the COVID crisis


26.  The Chinese American community in Las Vegas rallies to raise funds to buy and donate protective masks to the local University Medical Center



27.  Vietnamese owned nail salons donate masks and gloves to hospitals and some convert their salons into small factories to sew even more protective equipment.



28. Dr. Patrick Soon-Shiong’s company NantKwest Inc. and ImmunityBio Inc. are developing potential vaccines and therapeutics to combat COVID-19, with the aim of beginning clinical trials in Q2 2020. Dr. Soon-Shiong is also opening a hospital campus for COVID in Los Angeles


29.  Elize Chong and other bus drivers for seniors now deliver food to the vulnerable elderly in NJ


30.  Dr. Madhva Aya worked for  12 years at Woodhull Hospital in Brooklyn.  She unfortunately succumbed to the COVID 19 virus while serving the patients at Woodhull


31. Lu Ping, Liang Zhao and Yaya Zhang organize in the Washington D.C. area to raise funds and acquire protective equipment to donate to area hospitals


32.  Philadelphia area Korean and Chinese American groups are rallying to both source, produce, and donate protective masks to area hospitals and healthcare workers


33.  Nurses from across the US answer the call to help COVISD patients in NYC during the crisis.


34.  Valiant NYC ER doctor fought for her patients and her staff at a NY hospital, but eventually succumbed to the COVID infection and the stress in an apparent suicide


35. Children of health care workers are especially stressed being separated from their parents as they report to work, and worrying about whether they will become ill.


36.  Nurses, at New York University Langone Health Center, including Senior Staff Nurse Vicky Jang, describe the stress COVID has placed on their patients and themselves.


37.  NBC News profiles 12 Asian Americans serving key roles during the pandemic, including medical workers, politicians, a restaurant owner, pantry worker and food deliveryman.


38.  “Black, Hispanic, and Asian people make up more than 70% of the city’s essential workers, including transit, childcare, health care, cleaning service, and postal employees.” says this article from Buzzfeed News


39.  Joe Tsai, cofounder of Alibaba, and Clara Tsai, have donated $1.6 million dollars worth of medical equipment to the University of California, San Diego, to be shared with the regional health care system.


40.  News reports across the United States show how Asian Americans have raised money and donated medical equipment to support their local hospitals and health care workers.  These examples include Virginia, Missouri, Idaho and Oklahoma


41.  Angel Sherburne is an essential hospital worker cleaning hospital rooms and equipment on the COVID ward of the Swedish Medical Center in Seattle, Washington


42.  The origins of the COVID 19 virus is being investigated.  Experts indicate there is no evidence that the virus was altered or manufactured, and occurred in nature.  Also, no evidence indicates that the virus was accidentally released from the Wuhan Institute of virology.

43.  Sujatha Gidla discusses the hazards of working as an essential worker, a subway conductor, in New York City during the COVID crisis

44.  Sixteen year old TJ Kim collects and flies medical supplies to rural hospitals in Virginia.

45.  Feng Zhang, Rahul Dhanda and colleagues in Sherlock Bioscience Inc. develop a diagnostic test for COVID 19 that produces results in one hour


46.  Sherlock Bioscience one hour test for COVID19 receives emergency use authorization from the FDA

47.  FDA gives emergency authorization for Sherlock Bioscience’s rapid COVID test

48. Shaoli Chaudhuri, a medical resident at Columbia University Medical Center, documents her experiences caring for COVID Patients in a 30 day diary

49.  CBS News correspondent Weija Jiang covers the White House, and is told to “Ask China” by President Trump


50.  Intelligence sharing across the “Five Eyes” nations so far indicates that the coronavirus originated in a market, not from the Wuhan Institute of Virology`

51.  Linsay Chen Marr is a worldwide expert in the science of airborne particles

52.  Peter Tsai is the inventor pf the technology in N95 masks, and is working tirelessly with private and government agencies to speed sterilization and production

53.  Pan Chan is an essential worker, a bus driver, in New York City

54.  Dr. Shirlee Xie describes the experiences and stress of caring for COVID patients in Minnesota

55.  Nurses of Filipino origin bore the brunt of the COVID pandemic in New York City.  A national study found that almost one third of nurses who died during the pandemic were Filipino.